Lumbar and cervical discography – A contrast dye injection under fluoroscopic control into the discs followed by axial CT imaging to precisely diagnose disc disorders.
Diagnostic lumbar facet joint and spinal nerve blocks – To diagnose and treat low back pain caused by facet joint syndrome and spinal dorsal ramus syndrome. Patients can experience unilateral low back pain with this syndrome.
Diagnostic nerve root sleeve blocks in the lumbar, thoracic and cervical spine – To identify and treat specific nerves responsible for radicular pain. This test also aids surgical planning in cases that require only specific areas of decompression to solve a patient’s pain or radiculopathy.
Percutaneous disc and vertebral biopsies – To diagnose cancer or infection.